Baidyanath Dham is one of Shiva’s twelve Jyotirlingas, or sacred abodes. It is situated in Deoghar, Jharkhand, India, in the Santhal Parganas district. It is a temple complex that includes Baba Baidyanath’s main temple, where the Jyotirlinga is situated, as well as 21 other temples. Baba Baidyanath dham is also known as Vaidyanatha Jyotirlinga temple.
Kanwar Yatra is an annual journey by Shiva worshippers known as Knvarias or “Bhole” to Hindu pilgrimage sites in Sultanganj, Bihar, to gather sacred Ganges River waters. Hundreds of thousands of people gather sacred water from the Ganga and carry it hundreds of kilometres to Baidyanath Temple in Jharkhand, where it is distributed as a sacrifice.
To obtain the boons that he later used to wreak havoc on the world, king Ravana worshipped Shiva at the existing site of the temple. As a sacrifice, Ravana presented each of his ten heads to Shiva one by one. Shiva descended, pleased, to heal Ravana, who had been harmed. He is referred to as Vaidhya because he acted as a doctor (“doctor”). From this aspect of Shiva, the temple derives its name.
Every year, millions of pilgrims flock to this shrine. It is known for the Shraavana (Hindu calendar month) mela, which takes place between July and August. Around 8 to 10 million devotees travel from all over India to present sacred Ganges water to the deity, which is collected from Sultanganj, which is around 108 kilometres from Deoghar and Baidyanath. The Knvarias also bring the water, carrying it in Kavadi and walking the entire trip barefoot. Large crowds will be walking the entire route carrying water. For the whole month, an uninterrupted line of individuals dressed in saffron-dyed clothing stretches the entire 108 kilometres.
How to reach Baidyanath Temple
Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna, is the nearest domestic airport (Simra Deoghar International Airport), located 274 kilometres from Deoghar. Many cities, including Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Ranchi, Bhopal, Ahmedabad, Goa, and Vishakhapatnam, have regular flights from Patna.
The Baidyanath Dham railway station is located 7 kilometres from Deoghar (Deoghar Junction) and is well connected to many major cities including as New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Varanasi, and Bhubaneswar, among others.
Deoghar is 16 kilometres from Sarawan, 36 kilometres from Sarath, 41 kilometres from Jarmundi, 52 kilometres from Chandmari, 52 kilometres from Bengabad, 68 kilometres from Deori, 70 kilometres from Giridih, 132 kilometres from Dhanbad, 148 kilometres from Koderma, and 278 kilometres from Ranchi. It is connected by the Jharkhand State Road Transport Corporation Limited, the West Bengal State Road Transport Corporation Limited, and some private travel services.
Best time to visit :-
Devotees flock to Baidyanath Temple on a large scale throughout the year. Mondays are particularly busy during the month of Shravan. The Maha Shivaratri festival is celebrated with zeal in this city. Inside the temple, pilgrims are not permitted to bring objects made of leather.
Loaction of Baidyanath Temple :-
Shivganga Muhalla, Dardmara, Jharkhand 814112
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